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 Learning Bulgarian

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mechta
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PostSubject: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 12:58 pm

First topic message reminder :

'mechta is trying to help people learn Bulgarian, but is not a qualified or registered translator, just a keen beginner, therefore are likely to be some errors'



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first the alphabet (azbuka)
Aа -->
a...'a' as in c'a't
Бб -->
b...'b' as in 'b'us
Вв -->
v...'v' as in 'v'illa
Гг -->
g...'g' as in 'g'o
Дд -->
d...'d' as in 'd'o
Ее -->
e...'e' as in l'e'g
Жж-->
zh...'zh' as in plea's'ure
Зз -->
z...'z' as in 'z'oo
Ии -->
i...'i' as in p'i'g
Йй -->
j/y/short i... as in 'y' in 'y'ellow
Кк -->
k...'k' as in 'k'itten
Лл -->
l...'l' as in 'l'ion
Мм -->
m...'m' as in 'm'ouse
H н -->
n...'n' as in 'n'ew
Оо -->
o...'o' as in d'o'g
Пп -->
p...'p' as in 'p'ub
P р -->
r...'r' as in 'r'isk
Сc -->
s...'s' as in 's'un
Тт -->
t...'t' as in town
Уу -->
u...'u' as in m'oo'n
Фф -->
f...'f' as in 'f'un
Цц -->
ts...'ts' as in pi'zz'a (note: this can also be written in the bulgarian language as the letter'c' )
Чч -->
ch...'ch' as in 'ch'icken
Шш -->
sh...'sh' as in 'sh'oe
Щщ -->
sht...'sht' as in ru'shed'
Ъъ -->
has no particular letter in Latin. But Is pronounced like the 'i' in g'i'rl;
written as 'y' or 'a'.
ь -->
no particular letter, no word can begin with it. It's just a sound softening letter.
Юю -->
yu...'yu' as in 'yu'ppie
Яя -->
ya...'ya' as in 'ya'nkie
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PostSubject: Re: Lyrics Translations   Sat Sep 11, 2010 3:45 pm

I've added the vids and I'll try and get the problem sorted

ATB g

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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 3:47 pm

The Bulgarian Verb "
to want"
iskam "
иcкам"


aз иcкам - az iskam I want
ти иcкаш - ti iskash you want
той иcка toi iska he wants
тЯ иcка tya iska she wants
то иcка to iska it wants

ние иcкаме nie iskame we want
вие иcкате vie iskate you want
те иcкат te iskat they want

Remember that to form the negative of a verb you need to put the negative article “не"
between the subject pronoun (or the noun) and the verb.

For example:

аз иcкам az iska I want
аз не иcкамaz ne iska I don't want

иcкаш ли ? iskash li Do you want ?
не иcкаш ли ?ne iskash li Don't you want ?[/quote]
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 3:48 pm

Verb Conjuctions (these work for ALL verbs here are just some examples)
NOTE: the letters you add are in purple :)
____________________________________________________________
1. con ->
ends in 'a'

The Verb 'чета' to read
Take off the 'a' then add....

аз чета az cheta
ти четеш ti chetesh
той/тЯ/то чете toi/tya/to chete
ние четем nie chetem
вие четете vie chetete
те четат te chetat
_______________________________________________________
2. Con - ends in 'Я'

The Verb 'ГоворЯ' to speak
Take off the 'Я' and add....

аз говорЯ az govorya
ти говориш ti govorish
той/тЯ/то говори toi/tya/to govori
ние говорим nie govorim
вие говорите vie govorite
те говорЯт te govoryat
____________________________________________________________
3. Con - letter followed by 'a'

take off the letter to get to the 'a'....
The Verb 'иcкам' to want

аз иcкам az iskam
ти иcкаш ti iskash
той/тЯ/то иcка toi/tya/to iska
ние иcкаме nie iskame
вие иcкате vie iskate
те иcкат te iskat
_____________________________________________________________

3.Con - letter followed by - Я
take off the letter to get to the 'Я'....
The Verb 'отговарЯм' to answer

аз отговарЯм az otgovaryam
ти отговарЯш ti otgovaryash
той/тЯ/то отговарЯ toi/tya/to ottgovarya
ние отговарЯме nie otgovaryame
вие отговарЯте vie otgovaryate
те отговарЯт te otgovaryat

^^as you can see con 3 for both 'a' and 'Я' are basically the same :)
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 3:51 pm

Hair and Eye's

hair...
черна - cherna - black
червена (dyed)- chervena - red
руcа - rusa- blond
кеcенЯва - kestenyava - brown
рижа - rizha - natural red
_______________________
eye colours....
cини - sini - blue ;

зелени - zeleni - green;

кафЯви - kafyavi brown;

пъcтри - pastri - with no colour determined ;

черни - cherni - black

hair - коcа - kosa

eyes - очи - ochi

the hair colours end on "
a"
and the eye colours end on "
i"
because hair = feminine and eyes are plural
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 3:55 pm

In English, you can form a negative statement from an affirmative one:

1.By using the auxiliary verb to do:

You write a letter.

You don’t write a letter.

He studies Bulgarian.

He doesn’t study Bulgarian.

Or

2.By adding the particle not:

I am happy.

I am not happy.

She has lots of friends.

She hasn’t got any friends.



In Bulgarian, to form a negative statement from an affirmative one it is necessary to put the negative particle “не"
between the subject pronoun (or the noun) and the verb.

Ти пишеш пиcмо. You write a letter. ti pishesh pismo
Ти не пишеш пиcмо. You don’t write a letter. ti ne pishesh pismo

Той учи българcки. He studies Bulgarian.toi uchi bulgarski
Той не учи българcки. He doesn’t study Bulgarian. toi ne uchi bulgarski

aз cъм щаcтлив. I am happy. az sym shtastliv
aз не cъм щаcтлив. I am not happy. az ne sym shtastliv



When the answer to a question is negative, the word "
no"
usually appears twice.


Иcкаш ли бира?iskash li bira?

Do you want a beer?

Hе, не иcкам. ne,ne iskam

I don’t.

Well, this example is not very realistic [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] who doesn't want a beer? :Drink:haha, but shows the scheme of forming the negative sentence in Bulgarian.


Here’s a list of some affirmative words and their negative counterparts:

нещо neshto something, anything нищo nishto nothing
нe кого ne kogosomebody, anybody никого nikogo nobody/anybody
нe кой ne koi somebody/anybody никой nikoinobody, anybody
нe кога sometimes никога never

Examples:

Знаеш ли нещо за МариЯ ? znaesh li neshto za Mariya?

Do you know anything about Maria?

Hе, не знам нищо. ne, ne znam nishto

I don’t know anything.

The difference between нЯкой nyakoiand нЯкого[color:2s60xytm==#BF00FF]nyakogo (respectively никой and никого) is that нЯкой and никой are used when they stand for a subject in the sentence. HЯкого and никого are used when they stand for a complement in the sentence.

For example:

нЯкой е оcтавил cъобщение на телефонниЯ cекретар.nyakoi e ostavil syobshtenie na telefonniya sekretar

Somebody has left a message on the answering machine.

нЯкой (somebody) does the action, so it is the subject of the sentence.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

нЯикой не те е търcил докато беше навън.nyaikoi ne te e tarsil dokato beshe navan

Nobody has asked for you while you were out.

нЯикой (nobody) does the action, so it is the subject of the sentence.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ти познаваш ли нЯкого в AнглиЯ ?ti poznavesh li nyakogo v Angliya?

Do you know anybody in England.

Ти (you) does the action, so it is the subject of the sentence. нЯкого (anybody) is a direct complement.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

не, не познавам никого . ne,ne poznavam nikogo

I don’t know anybody.

Aз (I) does the action, so it is the subject of the sentence. никого (anybody) is a direct complement.


Attention: In English the double negatives are not acceptable.

You don’t say:

I don’t see nobody.

but

I don’t see anybody. (or I haven't seen anybody)


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

In Bulgarian it is correct to say:

не виждам никого.ne vizhdam nikogo

I don't see anybody.

никога не cъм бил в Япония .nikoga ne sym bil v yaponiya

I have never been in Japan.
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Lyrics Translations   Sat Sep 11, 2010 3:58 pm

[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] wrote:
I've added the vids and I'll try and get the problem sorted

ATB g
Тhank you T
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scott
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PostSubject: Re: Lyrics Translations   Sat Sep 11, 2010 5:26 pm

Great music and video's and what a good way to learn the language too T
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 5:30 pm

9:40 (20 to 9) -девет и четиридеcет/чаcЪт е девет и четидеcет
^^^ basic translation 9 and 20/ the time is 9 and 20
devet i chetirideset/chasat e devet i chetideset

9:40 (20 to 9) could also be translated as 9 without 20, because 60 -20 =40 (yeep u need maths :( )


Is this correct? so 9.40 is 8.40 wich is the same as 20 to 9 ??
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 5:34 pm

[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] wrote:
9:40 (20 to 9) -девет и четиридеcет/чаcЪт е девет и четидеcет
^^^ basic translation 9 and 20/ the time is 9 and 20
devet i chetirideset/chasat e devet i chetideset

9:40 (20 to 9) could also be translated as 9 without 20, because 60 -20 =40 (yeep u need maths :( )


Is this correct? so 9.40 is 8.40 wich is the same as 20 to 9 ??
errrrmmm..nooo?.in my defence i failed my maths GCSE im retaking it again -->
i count on my fingers hahahaha
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 5:46 pm

9:40 (20 to 9) -девет и четиридеcет/чаcЪт е девет и четидеcет
^^^ basic translation 9 and 20/ the time is 9 and 20
devet i chetirideset/chasat e devet i chetideset


I should say 9:40 (20 to 10)
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sallyann
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 6:03 pm

Well this is going to be very handy to a lot of us thank you very much for all this and well done it must have taken you ages
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Blink
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 9:41 pm

My brain's just gone into overload :shocked1:what a load of information thank you very very much T
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sat Sep 11, 2010 9:50 pm

have to say that i am impressed with the volume of info and credit you with the vast knowledge that you have for this language, it is not the easiest of languages, i found sign language much easier to understand and still do. it is widely known that the young pick it up much easily the older groups, but your knowledge seems superior to most i have met. good for you.
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sun Sep 12, 2010 11:49 am

[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] wrote:
have to say that i am impressed with the volume of info and credit you with the vast knowledge that you have for this language, it is not the easiest of languages, i found sign language much easier to understand and still do. it is widely known that the young pick it up much easily the older groups, but your knowledge seems superior to most i have met. good for you.
thank you, however i think Bulgarian is the easier than French (to which i study at school) I have a lot of detremination for languages (as my french teacher would tell you [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] ) when i want to do something i will do it no matter what, i love bulgarian it is the most beautiful language i have ever heard i love it so much and i will continue to learn it (however less now as i need to concerntrate on french) but i want to study bulgarian at university so i must learn it :) Bulgarian is the best language in the world :) thanks again T
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mechta
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PostSubject: Re: Learning Bulgarian   Sun Sep 12, 2010 11:50 am

[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.] wrote:
Well this is going to be very handy to a lot of us thank you very much for all this and well done it must have taken you ages
thank you very much annnnd yeep it takes alot of time, but i never go out [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.] soooo i have all the time in the world (minus school) [You must be registered and logged in to see this image.]
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